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Elena Bacaloglu and the Manifesto Nazionale Fascista Italo-Romeno: Analysis of Unconsidered Relations in the Interwar Period (2017-2018, 2018-2019)

10.58367/NECY.2023.2.8.207-234

Author: VALICENTI, Ida Libera
Publication: 10.58367/NECY.2023.2
Publication date: 04/2023
Field of study: International Relations
Summary:

This contribution aims at rediscovering a truly original figure of intellectual and trait d’union between Romanian and Italian culture sensibility during the interwar period. Elena Bacaloglu, born in Bucharest in 1878, moved to Italy in 1906. Here she began to frequent Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist Party and the most popular artistic and literary environment of the time, maturing her political-literary interest for the Italian fascist movement. The goal is to analyze the idea of patriotism of the most important literary work by Elena Bacaloglu The Italian-Romanian Fascist National Manifesto: Creation and Government.
Written in a perfect Italian, the work is presented as the manifesto around which Romanian people should have tightened up to enhance the common cultural roots with Italy, trying to propose an ideological model extremely similar to the Italian fascist movement.

Keywords: Italian-Romanian National Fascio, Fascism, Italy, Romania, interwar period, Elena Bacaloglu, literature, mysticism, history, Fascist women

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