Ida Libera VALICENTI
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, Visiting Research Fellow, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia
Elena Bacaloglu and the Manifesto Nazionale Fascista Italo-Romeno: Analysis of Unconsidered Relations in the Interwar Period
The goal of my project is to analyse the intellectual, artistic and political figure of Elena Bacaloglu, one of the most original writers and “cultural links” between Romanian and Italian culture during the interwar period.
Elena Bacaloglu, born in Bucharest in 1878, was one of the most important women of Europe to lead a fascist movement during the interwar period. After her divorce with the poet Ovid Densuşianu, she married an Italian intellectual, being close to Benito Mussolini, also before his appointment as Prime Minister in 1922, and to the prominent intellectual class, even not fascist, such as Matilde Serao, Roberto Bracco, Ernesto Murolo, Gabriele D’Annunzio and Salvatore Di Giacomo. She was also guest several times of Benedetto Croce in Naples.
In Italy, the Romanian writer and journalist developed her political and literary interest on the Italian Fascist movement.
The goal of the proposed research is the analysis of the role of Elena Bacaloglu in the development of a Romanian patriotism/nationalism and of Italian-Romanian relations during the interwar period. Particularly, the research aims to analyse her Manifesto Nazionale Fascista Italo-Romeno .
Written in a perfect Italian, it is presented as the manifesto that Romanian people should have used in order to rediscover their Latin roots and cultural ties with Italy, trying to propose an ideological model extremely similar to the Italian Fascism.