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Bound to the Column: Antichrist Iconography in the Last Judgement Scenes in the Medieval Kingdom of Hungary (2021-2022)


Publication: 10.58367/NECY.ODO.2022.1
Field of study: Art History

This study aims to investigate the relationship between visual culture and theological disputes during the pre‑Hussite and Hussite eras. By looking at fourteenth‑century Last Judgment scenes from the Hungarian Kingdom that contain an image of a demon bound to the column inside Leviathan’s jaws, I analyze the connections between this figure and the eschatological and Antichrist‑ related discourse used by both Church representatives and preachers of the Reformation in Bohemia.

Keywords: wall paintings, iconography, Antichrist, demon, column, Last Judgment, Leles, Poprad, Hussite, reformation, Kingdom of Hungary

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