Humanitarian and Development Aid during the Cold War

Event: International Conference

Location: NEC conference hall & Zoom

21 March 2024, 10.00-16.30 (Bucharest time)

22 March 2024, 9.30-13.30 (Bucharest time)

Convener: Luciana JINGA

Mioara ANTON, Constantin ARDELEANU, Mircea ARTHOFER, Róbert BALOGH, Alexandra BARDAN, Dalia BÁTHORY, Ștefan BOSOMITU, Čarna BRKOVIC, Jawhar CHOLAKKATHODI, Andreea DAHLQUIST, Corina DOBOȘ, Daniel FILIP, Domnica GOROVEI, Laura HERȚA, Bogdan C. IACOB, Katarzyna JAROSZ, Luciana JINGA, Ioana MACREA-TOMA, Mara MĂRGINEAN, Bogdan PREDA, Dora TOT, Shu WAN, WARJIO, Robert Anthony WATERS, Jr.

Join Zoom Meeting

Meeting ID: 863 7972 4227
Passcode: 403068



Thursday, 21 March 2024

Opening remarks (Constantin ARDELEANU & Luciana JINGA)

Post-war humanitarianism
Chair: Ioana MACREA-TOMA

Andreea DAHLQUIST (The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies/ Universitatea Valahia, Romania)
‘This is about help, not romance’ – Swedish Humanitarian Relief in Romania (1945-1949)

Mara MĂRGINEAN („George Barițiu” Institute of History, Romanian Academy, Romania)
Nutrition Knowledge, Farming Techniques and Milk Processing Technologies: Food Aid Strategies in a European (Semi)Periphery in the Middle of the 20th Century

Róbert BALOGH (Ludovika University of Public Service, Hungary)
Americans” and post-war conditions behind the Iron Curtain. The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in Hungary 1946-1947

Shu WAN (University at Buffalo New York, USA)
Promise in Peril: Dr. Pak Chue Chan, Promise Inc., and Anticommunism between Asia and Iowa

11.35-11.50: Coffee break

Medical Humanitarian Aid
Chair: Luciana JINGA

Bogdan C. IACOB (“Nicolae Iorga” Institute of History, Romanian Academy, Romania)
Technologies of the Socialist Self and Post-colonial Healthcare: The Romanian Hospital in Gharyan, Libya

Dora TOT (University of Florence, Italy)
A ‘Healthy’ Gateway to Global Markets: Yugoslav Medical Aid as a Commercialization Strategy in the Third World (1960s–1980s)

Katarzyna JAROSZ (International University of Logistics and Transport, Poland)
Unveiling Cold War Medical Diplomacy in the Fight Against Polio

Corina DOBOȘ (The National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism, Romanian Academy, Romania)
UN Economic Commission for Europe and the standardization of fertility measurements in postwar Europe

13.15-14.15: Lunch

Decolonization, Development and Humanitarian Aid
Chair: Dalia BATHORY

Domnica GOROVEI (University of Bucharest, Faculty of Political Science and Institute for African Studies, Romania)
“Under the Banner of Friendship, Collaboration, Solidarity”: the Romanian development aid and discourse towards the Upper Volta/Burkina Faso from the 1960s to the 1980s

Robert Anthony WATERS, Jr. (Ohio Northern University, USA)
The Soviet Bloc, developmental assistance, and decolonization in British Guiana

Daniel FILIP (NEC/IICCMER, Romania)
The oil crisis of 1973: an opportunity for Romania to clarify its approach towards humanitarian aid?

Čarna BRKOVIC (University of Mainz, Germany)
Socialist Modernist Worldmaking: Yugoslav Interventions in the International Humanitarian Debates in the 1970

Laura HERȚA (Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
Tito, Yugoslavia, and the Non-Alignment Movement. How Much Ideology and How Much Aid?

16.30 Wine & Pretzels


Friday, 22 March 2024

Models of Development and Knowledge Transfer
Chair: Bogdan C. IACOB

Jawhar CHOLAKKATHODI (University of Calicut, India)
A ‘Glocal’ History of the Cold War: Humanitarian and Development Aid during the Cold War in India

WARJIO (Universitas Sumatera Utara -USU), Indonesia)
Asia’s New Development Politics In The Cold War Era: How Will International Aid Help Them?

Mioara ANTON (“Nicolae Iorga” Institute of History, Romanian Academy, Romania)
The stakes of a double game. Communist Romania and humanitarian aid for Chilean refugees

“Behind the Curtain”: daily-life Experiences of Third World Students in Communist Romania

Bogdan PREDA (IICCMER, Romania)
Knowledge transfer between Socialist Romanian and the German Democratic Republic (1965-1975)

11.10-11.20: Coffee break

Grey New World: (dis)Continuities in the Humanitarian Paradigm
Chair: Ștefan BOSOMITU

Ioana MACREA-TOMA (The Vera and Donald Blinken Open Society Archives (OSA)/Central European University, Hungary)
Humanitarian Aid: Propaganda or Real Help?

Alexandra BARDAN (University of Bucharest, Faculty of Journalism and Communication Studies, Romania)
Transnational Humanitarian Aid during the 1980s: Amish Business in Socialist Romania

Romanian Secret Police and the Change of Humanitarian Discourse in the 1980s – Vilification Campaigns of Donors and Beneficiaries

Luciana JINGA (NEC/IICCMER, Romania)
Stop, Reset, Repeat. Post-communist continuities in humanitarian politics. A case study – The Romanian Revolution in December 1989

12.40-13.20: Concluding Address
Mircea ARTHOFER (Independent Scholar)
The Humanitarian Aid towards Romanian Refugees in Hungary. The Actions of the Anticommunist Organization “Free Romania”

13.20 Concluding Remarks (Luciana JINGA)


This conference is organized within the project The (Im)possible Alliance: Romania as Initiator and Beneficiary of the Humanitarian Aid (1970-1989), supported by UEFISCDI – Young Research Teams (TE-PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2021-0778) and hosted by New Europe College.