This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No 638436). Starting April 1, 2017 the new Host Institution of this grant is the University of Bucharest.
Record-keeping, fiscal reform, and the rise of institutional accountability
in late-medieval Savoy: a source-oriented approach
ERC Starting Grant, 2015-2020
Principal investigator: Ionuț Epurescu-Pascovici
Host Institution: New Europe College - Institute for Advanced Study, Bucharest
This research project focuses on an unjustly neglected corpus of sources, the fiscal accounts (computi) of the castellanies, or basic administrative units, of late-medieval Savoy. It deploys a holistic model of analysis that can fully capitalise on the unusual wealth of detail of the Savoyard source material in order to illuminate key topics in late-medieval institutional and socioeconomic history, from the development of state institutions through administrative and fiscal reform – with particular attention to the transition from personal to institutional accountability – to the question of socioeconomic decline and recovery from the late-thirteenth to the late-fourteenth century. More broadly, research into these topics aims to contribute to our understanding of the late-medieval origins of European modernity.
The advances of pragmatic literacy, record-keeping, and auditing practices will be analysed with the aid of anthropological and social scientific theories of practice. By comparing the Savoyard computi with their sources of inspiration, from the Anglo-Norman pipe rolls to the Catalan fiscal records, the project aims to highlight the creative adaptation of imported administrative models, and thus to contribute to our knowledge of institutional transfers in European history. The project will develop an inclusive frame of analysis in which the computi will be read against the evidence from enfeoffment charters, castellany surveys (extente), and the records of direct taxation (subsidia). The serial data will be analysed through a database; the findings of quantitative analysis will be verified by case studies of the individuals and families (many from the middle social strata) that surface in the fiscal records.
The project will focus on a sample of castellanies from the heartland of the Savoyard principality, analysed by the Principal Investigator; two postdoctoral researchers will study the records of a few other castellanies from outside the bailiwick of Savoy as test cases for the Principal Investigator’s analysis.